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Archive for May, 2010

Mapping Thoreau’s Surveys – 7 – Journal VII: September 1, 1854 – October 30, 1855
CFPL # 110, 20, 57, 161, 132a, 132b, 162, 88a, 88b, 88c
 
110    Plan of a Woodlot in Concord Mass. Belonging to Daniel Shattuck … Sept. 11, 1854
 
 20     This Plan Represents a Part of the Homestead Farm of the Late General James Colburn Deceased …Copy of Plan Made by Hubbard about 1830 … Nov. 6, 1854
 
 
57  Plan of a Woodlot in Concord Mass. Belonging to Tilly Holden … Dec. 9, 1854
 
 
 
161    Part of the Map "Americae sive novi orbis, nova descriptio" in "Ortelii Theatrum Orbis Terrarum," Antwerp, preface dated 1570 … [copied] Sept. 17, [18]55
 
 

132a  Plan of a Woodlot in Lincoln Mass., Belonging to Augustus Tuttle … June 21, 1855

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_surveys/132a.htm

132b  [Draft of 132a] June 21, 1855

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/132b.htm

162    Norumbega et Virginia 1597 … copied … Sept. 17, [18]55

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/162.htm

88a  Plan of Land and Buildings in Concord Mass. Belonging to the Milldam Company … April 30, 1853 (Note: This plan also carries the date Oct. 31, [18]55)

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/88a.htm

88b  Plan of the Same Premises with Additions in Nov. 1855 … Oct. 31, [18]55

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/88b.htm

88c  View of the North Side or Rear of the Buildings Oct. 31, [18]55

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/88c.htm

 

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Mapping Thoreau’s Surveys – 6 –Journal VI: December 1, 1853 – August 31, 1854
CFPL Surveys #: 49, 138, 13, 7j, 99b, 58a, 58b, 54, 97, 45
 
49  Plan of a Woodlot in Acton Mass. Belonging to Simon Hapgood … Dec. 15, 1853
 
138    Plan of Land in Lincoln Mass., Belonging to Daniel Weston … Dec. 17, [18]53
 
 
 
13    J.P. Brown’s Woodlot Sold to Wm Wheeler Dec. 19-21, [18]53
 

7j  Plan of Sleepy Hollow from Plans Made by Cyrus Hubbard in 1836 & 1852 and the New Road Added by Henry D. Thoreau Feb. 1, 1854

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/7j.htm

 
 
 99b    Plan of John Reynolds’ Premises, Concord Mass. … March 17, 1854
 
 
 58a  Plan of a Woodlot in Acton, Mass., Belonging to Abel Hosmer of Concord, Mass. … Apr. 4, 1854
 
 
58b  [Draft of 58a] Apr. 4, 1854
 
 
54 Plan of Woodlots Belonging to to Samuel Hoar, of Concord, Mass., Surveyed by Henry D. Thoreau, Ap. 5, 1854 [two surveys on one side of one sheet of paper]: Plan of the Poplar Hill woodlot, (so called) in Concord & Carlisle, Belonging to Samuel Hoar of Concord, Mass.; Plan of the Hutchinson Woodlot (so called), in Carlisle, Mass., Belonging to Samuel Hoar of Concord, Mass. 
 
97  Plan of a Woodlot in Lincoln Mass. Belonging to Schuyler Parks … Apr. 12, 1854
 
45  Plan of a House Lot in Lincoln Mass. Belonging to Miss Maria Green … Aug. 31, 1854
 
 

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Mapping Thoreau’s Surveys – 5

CFPL #: 44, 99, 76, 7b, 7c, 131, 83, 72

44 Plan of Land in Concord Mass., Conveyed by E.R. Hoar to F.R. Gourgas … Apr. 30, 1853

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/44.htm

99a    Plan of Land in the Southwest Part of Concord Mass. Belonging to John Reynolds … May 17, [18]53

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/99a.htm

99b    Plan of John Reynolds’ Premises, Concord Mass. … March 17, 1854

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/99b.htm

 

83  Plan of the House Lot of David Loring in Concord, Mass. … Sep. 17, 1856

 

72  Plan of T.F. Hunt’s House Lot in Concord Mass. … Oct. 17, 1853

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/72.htm

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Volume (4)

Journal IV Surveys March 1, 1852 – February 27, 1853 

CFPL # 66, 86, 11, 81, 142, 136, 84, 137, 41, 71, 46, 76,94a,

Moss p.8

66  Plan of Silas Hosmer’s House Lot, in Concord, Mass. … May 15, 1852

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/66.htm

86  Plan of Land in Concord, Mass. Belonging to Barnard MacKay … May 25, [18]52


http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/86.htm

11     Plan of the Noah & Joshua Brooks Farm in Lincoln Mass. … May 26-8-9-+31st, 1852

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/11.htm

  

81a  [Land Near Depot (Loring, Wheeler, etc.)], June 21, [18]52

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/81a.htm

81b  Rough Plan of Land Near the Depot in Concord Mass. Belonging to David Loring

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/81b.htm

 

142a  Texas Road [draft; June, 1852]

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/142a.htm

136    Plan of Land in Lincoln Mass., Belonging to Daniel Weston … Aug. 17, 1852

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/136.htm

11     Plan of the Noah & Joshua Brooks Farm in Lincoln Mass. … May 26-8-9-+31st, 1852

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/11.htm

81a  [Land Near Depot (Loring, Wheeler, etc.)], June 21, [18]52

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/81a.htm

81b  Rough Plan of Land Near the Depot in Concord Mass. Belonging to David Loring

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/81b.htm

142a  Texas Road [draft; June, 1852]

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/142a.htm

136    Plan of Land in Lincoln Mass., Belonging to Daniel Weston … Aug. 17, 1852

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/136.htm

84      George Loring–[plan for lead pipe machine] Sep. 15, [18]52

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/84.htm

137    Plan of Land in Lincoln Mass., Belonging to Daniel Weston … Dec. 13, 1852

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/137.htm

41      Plan of the Farm Belonging to the Estate of Virgil Fuller (deceased) in the North Part of Concord, Mass. …Dec. 16, 1852

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/41.htm

 

71  Plan of Wood & Pasture Land, in the North part of Concord, Mass., Belonging to the Heirs of Humphrey Hunt …Dec., 1852

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/71.htm

46 Plan of a Woodlot in W Part of Stow–Belonging to Mr.–Hale Surveyed for Turner Bryant & James Wood Jr.Jan. 18, [18]53

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/46.htm

76a  Plan of John Le Grosse’s Farm in the North-West Part of Concord, Mass. … Jan. 1853 [Note: Smaller plan inset upper left corner: "Woodland in Carlisle & Acton–Davis Lot"]

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/76a.htm


76b  [Draft of 76a] Jan. 1853

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/76b.htm

76c  [Draft of inset plan of Davis lot on 76a; n.d.]

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/76c.htm

 

94a    Plan of John B. Moore’s Farm Concord Mass. … Feb. 1853

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/94a.htm

Moss p.8

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Volume (3)

CFPL # 14, 125, 89, 5, 90, 18, 3

14a    Plan of Woodland on Fair Haven Hill in Concord, Mass. Belonging to Reuben Brown … Oct. 22, 1851

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/14a.htm

14b    Mainly From Hub[bard’]s Plan of Brown’s Farm … [n.d.]

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/14b.htm

14c    [Draft and notes for 14a; n.d., ca. Oct., 1851]

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/14c.htm

125a  Plan of Cyrus Stow’s Grounds, Concord Mass. … Oct. 28, 1851

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/125a.htm

125b  Stow’s Yard Plan of Front Yard [n.d.; ca. Oct. 1851]

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/125b.htm

89  Plan of the Ministerial Lot (so called) in the Southwest Part of Concord, Mass. … Nov. 14 to 25, 1851

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/89.htm

5       Plan of a Part of Samuel Barrett’s Woodlot Near Annursnack … Dec. 6, 1851

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/5.htm

90a  Plan of Part of the Ministerial Lot, in the Southeast Part of Concord … Dec. 9, [18]51

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/90a.htm

90b  [Draft of 90a] Dec. 9, [18]51

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/90b.htm

18    Plan of the Boundary Line Between Concord & Carlisle … Dec. 1851

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/18.htm

3 Plan of a Woodlot Near Flint’s Pond in Lincoln, Mass. Belonging to Jacob Baker … Apr. 23, 1852

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/3.htm

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Volume 2, Journal II Surveys 1850 – September 15, 1851

Thoreau’s first survey recorded in his Field Notes was his survey of Isaac Watts Woodlot in November 1849.

135    Isaac Watts’ Woodlot Nov. 1849

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/135.htm

See also comments regarding accuracy of Thoreau’s calculations in that survey and his likely error.  Details and data are on my blog for 3/2010.http://allanhschmidt1935.spaces.live.com/?_c11_BlogPart_BlogPart=blogview&_c=BlogPart&partqs=amonth%3d3%26ayear%3d2010

http://allanhschmidt1935.spaces.live.com

Ref.: Moss, Marcia. A Catalog of Thoreau’s Surveys in the Concord Free Public Library (Geneseo, N.Y.: Thoreau Society, 1976)

35a Plan of the Goose Pond & Walden Pond Woodlots (so called) Belonging to the Heirs of John Richardson, Jr Esq …Nov. & Dec. 1857

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/35a.htm

5b [Untitled; Goose Pond/Walden Pond area] Jan. 2, [18]58
http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/35b.htm

Thoreau’s second and third 1849 surveys recorded in his Field Notes were his surveys of Moore & Hosmer’s Lot by RRoad 1849-50 and his Plan of the Sawmill Woodlot (so called), Belonging to R. W. Emerson, Surveyed by Cyrus Hubbard and H. D. Thoreau in 1849 & 1850, Represented in One Plan by H. D. T. Nov. 7, 1854

32 Moore & Hosmer’s Lot by RRoad 1849-50

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/32.htm

34 Plan of the Sawmill Woodlot (so called), Belonging to R. W. Emerson, Surveyed by Cyrus Hubbard and H. D. Thoreau in 1849 & 1850, Represented in One Plan by H. D. T. Nov. 7, 1854

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/34.htm

1849

In 1849 Thoreau began preparation of his survey-related field notes and other material used in the preparation of his surveys including, manuscripts measurements and calculations.  Thoreau used the manuscript volume he entitled

Field-Notes of Surveys Made by Henry D. Thoreau Since November 1849

(Containing dated entries from 1849 to 1861, plus some material tipped or laid in) to record work done for various employers, measurements, expenses, and fees charged.

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/32.htm

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Mapping Thoreau’s Surveys – An Index

 

Allan H. Schmidt

May 2010

 

A Chronological and geographic Index of Thoreau’s Surveys in The Concord Free Public Library (CFPL).

 Volume 0, 1830-1836

 

1830

 

A Chronological and geographic Index of Thoreau’s Surveys In The Concord Free Public Library begins with surveys created by others including an 1830 map of Lincoln by John G. Hale listed as survey #

47 Plan of the Town of Lincoln in the County of Middlesex from Survey Made in 1830 by John G. Hale Fayette Street Boston [copy; n.d.]

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/47.htm

 

1834

 

In 1834 L. Baldwin had created a map for 22.15 miles of the Concord River.

In 1859/60 Thoreau used that map to prepare a “descriptive survey of the Riveproject for the Sudbury and East Sudbury for Meadow Corporation in their controversy with thMiddlesex Canal Owners in 1860.   He found datconcerning the depth of the water in the Concord River at each bridge from Wayland to Billerica, made a detailed table showing the date of erection ansubsequent changes of each bridge on the river fromSudbury to Billerica, and what the underpinningwere made of, and what the water level was at each bridge at various times. The work involved getting this information together from men in other townsand presenting it in a logical form at thtrial.”

Moss1

107a  Plan of Concord River from East Sudbury & Billerica Mills, 22.15 Miles, To be used on a trial in the S.J. Court, Sudbury & East Sudbury Meadow Corporation vs. Middlesex Canal, Taken by agreement of Parties, By L. Baldwin, Civil Engineer. Surveyed & Drawn by B.F. Perham. May 1834 [1859/1860] (rolled survey)

 

http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/107a.htm

 

1835

 

Thoreau’s map collection in the CFPL includes a map created in 1835 as survey # 165

 165  A Plan of the Public Lands in the State of Maine Surveyed under Instructions from the Commissioners & Agents of the State of Massachusetts and Maine …, Boston, 1835 [one section (that including Mount Katahdin) of a multi-sectional map]http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_Surveys/165.htm Katahdin) of a multi-sectional map]

 

Thoreau may have used this map in his three trips to the Maine woods in 1846, 1853 and 1857.

Volume 1, Journal I: 1837 – 1846

‘The earliest mention which we have of his Woodlot Surveying is a signed receipt from the Misses Hosmer for surveying of their woodlot and making a plan of the same dated Dec18, 1845However, we do not have the survey itself. This 1845 plan was made before hstarted keeping his Field Notes in 1849 with the brief notes on the survey for Isaac Watt’s. [They Continue on up to December 1860.]Moss2

Also in winter of 1846 Thoreau created his survey map of Walden Pond.

“As I was desirous to recover the long lost bottom of Walden Pond, I surveyed it carefully, before the ice broke up, early in ’46, with compass and chain and sounding line” The Pond in Winter.

http://thoreau.eserver.org/walden16.html

133a  http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_surveys/133a.htm

133b  http://www.concordlibrary.org/scollect/Thoreau_surveys/133b.htm

 

Thoreau’s Surveys are listed above in the order of their creation, which also corresponds to the order in which Thoreau was creating his Journals.

 

Readers of Thoreau’s Journals may find his corresponding survey sketches helpful to place his journal notes in geographic context.

 

The index also may help retrace the sequential path of Thoreau’s journeys to work as a surveyor.

 

 Herbert Gleason’s 1906 Map of Concord has been used as a geographic base map reference (including his alphanumeric row and column coordinate labels to locate each Gleason zone).

 

Marcia Moss’ A Catalog of Thoreau’s Surveys in the Concord Free Public Library (Geneseo, N.Y.: Thoreau Society, 1976) also has been an invaluable resource and is quoted frequently.

 

 The outline boundary of each survey has been sketched onto the Gleason map and labeled with the CFPL Survey number and a hyperlink reference allowing for retrieval of the Survey image from the CFPL files provided with approval of the Concord Free Public Library.

 

 


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